The Americans with Disabilities Act requires that accommodations be provided to individuals with a disability. A disability is defined as a physical, neurocognitive, psychological, and/or learning problems (e.g. neurological disorders that may impact brain functioning, learning disorders that may affect academic success). Accommodations can take the form of extra time during standardized testing, reading assistance, copies of notes, a note taker, or other accommodations depending on the needs of the student.
Those accommodations can be provided for standardized entrance exams such as SAT, GRE, GMAT, MCAT, LSAT, etc. Once the existence of a disability is established, accommodations can be provided throughout school.
In order to qualify to receive accommodations, thorough and specific neuropsychological testing (e.g. tests and specific recommendations) is required to document the individual’s strengths and weaknesses and to establish the specific accommodations necessary to optimize the learning process.
A learning disability is defined as a discrepancy between one’s general intellectual ability and one’s academic performance in certain academic areas, such as reading and math.
The best way to diagnose a learning disorder is through neuropsychological or psychoeducational testing.